Rembrandt art of etching
History of Rembrandt's Copper Plates
About the Millennium Impressions
The market for Rembrandt etchings
Millennium Impression images
Biography of Rembrandt Van Rijn

Park West Links

Park West Website

Park West Blog

Customer Service Blog

Park West Foundation

Tour Park West

Learn About Park West Artists

View the Park West Collection

Park West Gallery
29469 Northwestern Hwy.
Southfield MI 48034

Customer Service:
(877) 440-0630

Provenance of the Plates | Types of Prints
History of Catalogers and Publishers

The History of Rembrandt Catalogers and Publishers

c. 1652 Pierre Mariette, who would later become a well-known art dealer in Paris, begins collecting Rembrandt etchings during Rembrandt’s life. It’s possible he printed some impressions in subsequent years.
1751 Paris art dealer Edmé-Francois Gersaint compiles the first portfolio of Rembrandt’s impressions: the Catalogue raisonné de toutes les pieces qui forment l’oeuvre de Rembrandt. The first in a long line of Rembrandt catalogs, it establishes the different classifications used in many subsequent catalogs.
1755 Claude Henri Watelet’s collection of Rembrandt’s graphic work—containing impressions from the majority of Rembrandt’s surviving etching plates—is issued and soon enjoys renown.
1756 Pierre Yver issues a supplement to the Gersaint catalog.
1766/1767 Rare proof impressions are discovered in the estate of print dealer Pieter de Haan (1723-66).
1789 Pierre-Francois Basan, an international print dealer, publishes a survey of Rembrandt’s etchings—the Recueil Rembrandt. Composed of impressions taken from 83 Rembrandt plates, along with examples of other prints, it also includes approximately 28 copies of Rembrandt images.
1792 Two volumes containing Rembrandt impressions and prints by Captain William Baillie—are published in London by John & Josiah Boydell. Baillie made about 100 impressions of the Hundred-Guilder print before cutting the plate in pieces to ensure the exclusivity of the prints.
1796 A Descriptive Catalogue of the Works of Rembrandt is published by Daniel Daulby.
1807-1809 Basan’s son, Henri-Louis, publishes posthumous Rembrandt impressions under the same title (Recueil Rembrandt.) The younger Basan would later sell impressions separately.
Early 19th
Impressions from six of the plates in de Haan’s estate are published several times in a collection of 200 original etchings by J. M. Creery and J. Kay, along with impressions from other artists. The fate of those six plates is unknown.
1810 Parisian publisher Auguste Jean acquires the Basan plates. Under his control, the plates are reworked. He publishes impressions called Recueil Rembrandt, using the title and index from the Basan editions.
1820 Auguste Jean dies. The Receuil Rembrandt is later reissued with additional printings, by his widow, who likely worked with C. Naudet to print proofs on old Dutch and China paper.
1843 A. Houssaye illustrates his book, Rembrandt – Sa Vie et Ses Oeuvres, with prints from 22 plates which were probably on loan from Auguste Jean’s widow.
1846 Auguste Bernard, a Parisian publisher and engraver, purchases the plates from the estate of Jean’s widow and subsequently prints individual impressions that are not sold as editions. His son Michel, the plates’ next owner, is not known to have printed any impressions.
1853 Charles Blanc’s L’oeuvre de Rembrandt reproduit par la photographie, marks the beginning of a series of publications that contained facsimiles of Rembrandt’s etchings.
c. 1906 Having purchased the plates from Michel Bernard, Alvin-Beaumont prints an expensive new edition of impressions, which he offers to wealthy and institutional buyers. Donald Shaw MacLaughlan, a well-known Canadian etcher, is the only printer of record to have printed Beaumont impressions.
c. 1916 Alvin-Beaumont has the plates inked and varnished to preserve them.
1938-2008 Seventy-eight plates are sold by Alvin Beaumont to Dr. Robert Lee Humber in 1938. In the late 1950s the plates are placed on loan to the University of North Carolina Art Museum at Raleigh. Eight of the plates from the Humber collection were sold in 1993 by Artemis International of London to Robert Light a noted Rembrandt expert and art dealer in New York. In 1994 Robert Light sold the plates to Howard Berger, who was to form Millennium Impressions. In 2003 Park West Gallery purchased Millennium Impressions and the plates.

Millennium Impressions: No impressions of the plates are printed until 1998 when Emiiano Sorini and his assistant Marjorie Van Dyke spend one year preparing to produce the Millennium Impressions. Over a ten year period Emiliano Sorini and Majorie Van Dyke created the limited editions of 2,500 etchings from each of the plates.

At the inception of the work by Emiliano Sorini and Marjorie Van Dyke, the plates are placed in a bank vault in New York under the supervision and control of Sorini and Van Dyke. The plates are only removed from the vault during the time periods of printing, and are immediately returned after each printing session. The printing process takes 10 years and Marjorie Van Dyke certifies that only 2500 impressions are printed from each plate.

View Ms. Van Dyke's certification

Park West Gallery certifies that upon taking possession of the plates they were inspected by Erik Hinterding, expert and author of The History of Rembrandt's Copperplates, who certified that they were in the same condition as when sold to Dr. Berger. Park West further certifies that since the time it has owned the plates, only Marjorie Van Dyke has printed them.

Provenance of the Plates
Types of Prints

For more information on the Park West Rembrandt collection: (800)-521-9654 xt. 4 or (248) 354-2343.